The Divine Endowment - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. the worshipers in the Endowment ceremony. The most famous example of his teaching the doctrine of exaltation may be the King Follet Discourse, an address given near the end of the Prophet’s life where he teaches about the origin and potential destiny of the spirits of mankind, but other examples include D&C 76 (where we discover that those in the Celestial Kingdom are “gods, even the sons of God- wherefore all things are theirs” and Gods makes us all “equal in power, and in might, and in dominion”) and D&C 88 (where we discover that the Saints will be filled with the glory of Christ and be “made equal with him.”) But there is another place where this truth is not only taught, but ritually acted out and lived, where for a brief moment we are made actual members of the councils of Heaven before communing directly with God Himself. The endowment as practiced today was instituted by founder Joseph Smith in the 1840s with further contributions by Brigham Young and his successors. Shortly after the dedication of the St. George Temple, and before his death in 1877, Young became concerned about the possibility of variations in the ceremony within the church's temples and so directed the majority of the text of the endowment to be written down. Many religious stories are built around the manifestation on earth of divine power in some form (a miracle, a healing, a special blessing).. Now, to the Latter-day Saint (LDS) there are some obvious parallels. Women no longer are required to covenant to obey their husbands, but instead must covenant only to follow their husbands as their husbands follow God. (Pg. our breasts ... be torn open, our hearts and vitals torn out and given to the birds of the air and the beasts of the field And the way that we get there is by actively, energetically, valiantly living our covenants in the face of all the powers and temptations of all Earth and Hell to convince us otherwise. Reception by the high god in his assembly, 7. All LDS Church members who choose to serve as missionaries or participate in a celestial marriage in a temple must first complete the endowment ceremony. In the Dictionary of the Old Testament: Wisdom, Poetry & Writings, Hebrew Bible scholar Dr. Michael S. Heiser explains the Old Testament Divine Council this way (pg. In The Gate of Heaven: Insights on the Doctrines and Symbols of the Temple, LDS historian Matthew B. What does raise-up mean? Though the endowment’s format of symbolic instruction and covenant making has remained the same, the way the ordinance is administered has changed over time. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. ... a wonder by endowing him with divine wisdom or great insight and that's why he was able to write 3,000 proverbs and 1,005 songs. The same word is sometimes rendered "testament." However, none of these Masons ever charged Smith with breaking any of Masonry's oaths or revealing its secrets. This document became the standard for the ceremony thereafter. " The LDS Church apostle John A. Widtsoe downplayed the similarities, arguing that they "do not deal with the basic matters [the endowment] but rather with the mechanism of the ritual. Meaning of endowing. The Divine Council is the collection of divine beings who meet together to administer the universe. 126-130and 290-291.) Instead of a heavenly book we are given heavenly covenants that place us under oath before God to carry out the responsibilities each covenant lays upon us, though it might be worth noting that at one point in the Endowment we are presented with the scriptures as containing the covenants we are making and therefore the work we are being given to do. The Gods came together and concocted a scheme to create this world and the inhabitants. I would like, however, to move one step further and suggest that we should understand the LDS Endowment as a ritual and dramatic participation in the sôd/divine council of God, through which God reveals to the covenanter his sôd/secret plan of salvation—the hidden meaning and … The initiation consists of a washing and anointing, culminating in the clothing of the patron in a "Garment of the Holy Priesthood", which is thereafter worn as an undergarment. Find more ways to say endow, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. (See Barker’s Mother of the Lord pgs. , Latter-day Saints cite various Old Testament references to temple ordinances such as those found in Exodus 29:4-9 and Exodus 28:2-43 and Leviticus 8:6-13. Rooted in the Pentecostal-rich Acts chapter 2, this Spirit baptism gave believers an "enduement of power," meaning, a power to be witnesses, a power for mission. The Nauvoo endowment consists of two phases: (1) an initiation, and (2) an instructional and testing phase. 129 of Gate of Heaven.). You’ll notice that God uses the plural “let us,” and “we will do this” and so forth. Official church publications state that temple ceremonies are confidential and not to be discussed outside the temple. The LDS conception of the Creation makes the Divine Council aspect of the Creation even clearer as the LDS Creation account includes God the Father, Yahweh/Jehovah as God’s vicegerent and representative of the sons of God, and then the Archangel Michael as representative of the angels. (See below about 2019). (n.) That which is bestowed or settled on a person or an institution; property, fund, or revenue permanently appropriated to any object; as, the endowment of a church, a hospital, or a college. 2 : to furnish with a dower. Potted plants were used in areas representing the Garden of Eden, and other areas were furnished appropriately, including a room representing the celestial kingdom. Grace (charis) is the … Talk about Stephen. , The first filmed versions of the endowment were introduced in the 1950s, by a committee headed by Gordon B. Hinckley. In the King Follet Discourse, the Prophet Joseph described the Grand Council this way: The Head One of the Gods called together the Gods and the grand councilors sat in grand council at the head in yonder heavens to bring forth the world and contemplated the creation of the worlds that were created at that time.  Many Latter-day Saints believe that Jesus often taught in parables for the same reason. harvtxt error: no target: CITEREFBancroft1859 (, "Next came the part of the ceremony devoted to the higher Melchizedek Priesthood with its special garments (white robe; white, turban-like cap with a bow over the right ear; apron; and white moccasins) and more complicated signs and tokens like the Sign of the Nail; the Patriarchal Grip, or the, In 1990, several significant portions of the endowment ceremony performed worldwide in Mormon temples were eliminated: the wording: ", harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBuerger1994 (, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Temple (LDS Church) Entrance Requirements, "(Re)Interpreting the Cosmic History of the Mormon Temple Experience: Theological Connections between Jewish and Catholic Sacred Space", Kirtland Elders' Quorum Record, 1836-1841, "The Mormon Priestess: A Theology of Womenhood in the LDS Temple (2014)", "Major changes to Mormon temple ceremony, especially for women", "LDS Church changes temple ceremony; faithful feminists will see revisions and additions as a 'leap forward, https://www.sltrib.com/religion/2019/01/29/heels-temple-changes/, "Mormons Modify Temple Rites : Ceremony: Woman's vow to obey husband is dropped. A spacious hall in the temple's attic was arranged into appropriate ordinance "rooms" using canvas partitions. ", A 1996 estimate by Richard Cowan states that around 150 million endowments have been performed, most of which were in behalf of deceased persons. Then God the Father and Jehovah create Adam, whose spirit is the same as the Archangel Michael (remember that in LDS teaching angels are either people already born or not yet born). Heber C. Kimball clearly supported this position: "We have the true Masonry. n. 1. Clothed in the Robes of the Holy Priesthood, crowned with a symbolic crown, we are brought into the literal presence of Almighty God, where we are to converse with Him face to face in preparation of our own exaltation, our own ascension to godhood as kings and queens in Heaven, if we live faithfully to our temple covenants. The meaning is that he was a Christian. Another word for endowment.  In this regard, Facsimile No. have expressed concern that a person may be denied access to the specific details of these covenants until that person is faced with making them in the temple, making it impossible to reflect on their meaning or ramifications. A Splinter of Endowment known as a divine Breath is what resurrects the Returned and grants them their abilities. Here the Prophet Joseph Smith taught that the Head God called the gods together to begin the work of Creation- an idea heavily lambasted by traditional Christianity but which, as we have seen, is actually exactly what the Bible teaches. Only can gods and goddesses sit upon the Divine Throne as to be worthy of said Throne is to be as worthy and mighty as God. In, Von Wellnitz, Marcus. Are human rights a divine endowment? 295). I wish that all the Lord’s people were prophets and that the Lord would put his Spirit on them!” Moses wanted all the people of Israel to be prophets, perhaps because then his burden of leadership and judgment might be lifted. II (Letter to the editor)", "The Sacred Departments for Temple Work in Nauvoo: The Assembly Room and Council Chamber", "The Development of the Mormon Temple Endowment Ceremony", "Similarity of Priesthood in Masonry: The Relationship between Freemasonry and Mormonism. (1994). 2. , The LDS Church has never commented officially on these similarities, although certain features of the two rituals have been called "analogous" by one official Church Historian and the apostle Jeffrey R. Holland stated in a BBC interview that endowment ordinance vows to secrecy are "similar to a Masonic relationship.  Upon the completion of the Kirtland Temple after three years of construction (1833–1836), the elders of the church gathered for this second promised endowment in early 1836. However, estimates show that fewer than half of converts to the LDS Church ultimately undergo the endowment ceremony, and young people preparing for missions account for about one-third of "live" endowments (as contrasted with proxy endowments for the deceased). Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary Numen definition, divine power or spirit; a deity, especially one presiding locally or believed to inhabit a particular object. In 1831, however, Smith began teaching that the elders of the church needed to be further "endowed with power from on high" in order to be effective proselytizers. The LDS Church has simplified its ceremony from its 19th century form and has removed some of the more controversial elements. The Masonry of today is received from the apostasy which took place in the days of Solomon and David. Some, like the Angel Moroni, are resurrected beings, while others are righteous spirits either not yet born or not yet bodily resurrected. ", After the washing and anointing, the patron is given the temple garment, formally called the "Garment of the Holy Priesthood". At the top is El (“God”), whose wife, Asherah, may or may not have had part. religious endowment definition in English dictionary, religious endowment meaning, synonyms, see also 'religious order',Religious Society of Friends',religiously',religiose'. Thus, the ultimate purpose of the Endowment is to bring us into the Divine Council not only to make us prophets and prophetesses, but to prepare us for the ultimate blessings- exaltation, godhood, and eternal life upon the Throne of God. "Joseph Smith's Introduction of Temple Ordinances and the 1844 Mormon Succession Crisis", Thesis, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah. Nibley, Hugh. The major contradiction -that Yahweh and El are the same being in some manner- is one that can be addressed. To raise (put at a higher level) (verb) " One LDS Church educator, however, was censured in the 1970s by the Church Educational System for arguing that the endowment ceremony had a dependent relationship with the rituals of freemasonry.  In January of 2019, that topic was removed from the endowment process, in accordance with other changes that included more lines for Eve in their ritual performance of the Book of Genesis. It is a ritual re-enactment of the Creation of the world, the Fall of Adam and Eve, and the expulsion from Eden. the property, funds, etc., with which an institution or person is endowed. Also, Eve is no longer explicitly blamed for the Fall, and several references to Adam were replaced with references to Adam and Eve. or to provide an income for it: The state of Michigan has endowed … Thus the severe consequences to Ananias and Sapphira, who deliberately broke their covenant and lied unto God (Acts 5:1–11).. She feels healing as she prays and mediates over each piece, hoping the piece conveys not only her … It had previously been required. an attribute of mind or body; a gift of nature. The key here isn’t just what is presented, but the relationship of the individual to the events being presented. The crowning purpose of the Endowment does not stop with merely our admission into the Divine Council though, or even with our covenant driven transformation into prophets and prophetesses. "Meanings and Functions of Temples." the act of endowing. More about this in a moment when we discuss the endowment, but it is enough here to note that this represents all three of Heiser’s tiers and explains who God the Father is speaking to and why He talks about man being in “our image” – i.e. , By the mid-1830s, Smith was teaching that a further endowment was necessary, this time requiring the completion of the Kirtland Temple as a house of God where God could pour out his Holy Spirit. The ceremony is performed in Latter Day Saint temples, which are dedicated specifically for the endowment and certain other ordinances sacred to Mormons, and are open only to Mormons who meet certain requirements. All ancient Mediterranean cultures had some conception of a divine council. That these beliefs can only be rooted out of the text by studying the work of multiple people who have advanced knowledge of both Hebrew and the ancient historical context of the biblical works – both things Joseph Smith did not have – are further testimonies of the prophetic nature of Joseph’s calling. to give a large amount of money to pay for creating a college, hospital, etc. This garment represents the "coats of skins" given to Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden.. As the church website on the Endowment states, “In this sacred ceremony, Church members make covenants ‘to keep the law of obedience, the law of sacrifice, the law of the gospel, the law of chastity, and the law of consecration. On May 3, 1842, Joseph Smith prepared the second floor of his Red Brick Store, in Nauvoo, Illinois, to represent "the interior of a temple as circumstances would permit". 292): The term divine council is used by Hebrew and Semitics scholars to refer to the heavenly host, the pantheon of divine beings who administer the affairs of the cosmos. To sit down on Christ’s throne is to sit upon the Father’s throne, and to sit upon the Father’s throne is to be as the Father as the throne is the very symbol of God’s power an authority. In contrast to those that believe Smith simply copied these rituals to advance his own religion, one Mormon historian has noted that these Masonic parallels confirmed to these men "the breath of the restoration impulse and was evidence of Smith's divine calling". A distinct endowment ceremony was also performed in the 1830s in the Kirtland Temple, the first temple of the broader Latter Day Saint movement, which includes other smaller churches such as the Community of Christ. There are many similarities between Smith's endowment ceremony and certain rituals of Freemasonry, particularly the Royal Arch degree. The temple ceremony involves entering into solemn covenants. This 600-year-old tradition reflects not only a history of seekers, but our journey of artistic expression and the ways we communicate our collective human story. The term "endowment" thus has various meanings historically, and within the other branches of the Latter-Day Saint movement. A natural gift, ability, or quality. , Young introduced the same ceremony in the Utah Territory in the 1850s, first in the Endowment House and then in the St. George Temple. The gospel is so arranged that principles and ordinances are received by covenant placing the recipient under strong obligation and responsibility to honor the commitment. Before we can understand this aspect of the Endowment we have to understand something called the Divine Council. Ehat, Andrew (1982). From the perspective of this older theology, Yahweh did not belong to the top tier of the pantheon. At the end of the endowment ceremony the participant is tested at a physical veil by a man representing the Lord on the signs and tokens just learned. Grant appointed a committee charged with revising the ceremony, which was done under the direction of Apostle George F. Richards from 1921 to 1927. The term derives from the Authorized King James Version, referring to the spiritual gifts given the disciples of Jesus on the day of Pentecost, in which they were "endowed with power from on high,"] Christians generally understand this endowment to refer to the gift of the Holy Spirit, which the Latter Day Saints believe is given at the Confirmation ceremony. Smoot explains that, “there are other instances where prophets are brought up into the divine council, and they are considered members of the divine council.” The example Smoot provides is from Isaiah 6 where Isaiah is brought before the throne of God, sees the angels surrounding God’s throne, is purged of his sins, and is called to his work on the Earth. While this crown doesn’t appear in the modern temple robes, the cap that men wear and the veil that women wear both represent crowns and is similar to both the mitre worn by the ancient temple priests and the ancient headdress of kings during their own enthronement ceremony. Manuscript History of Brigham Young, November 13, 1858, p. 1085, LDS Church archives. The lecture at the veil was also cut, and some repetition was eliminated. Participants are taught symbolic gestures and passwords considered necessary to pass by angels guarding the way to heaven, and are instructed not to reveal them to others. In a dramatic act of healing, Jesus puts saliva on a blind man's eyes and restores his sight (Mark 8:22-26).This story echoes John 9:6, where Jesus mixes his saliva with dirt and then applies it to the eyes of a blind man. A male member of the church must hold the Melchizedek priesthood to participate in the endowment. During the ceremony, Latter-day Saints are dressed in temple clothes or temple robes, are taught in ordinance rooms about various gospel laws (including obedience, chastity, sacrifice and consecration) and make covenants to obey these laws. The term derives from the Authorized King James Version, referring to the spiritual gifts given the disciples of Jesus on the day of Pentecost, in which they were "endowed with power from on high,"] Christians generally understand this endowment to refer to the … And I think the answer is straightforward. Enthronement on the god-father’s throne, 11. Dr. McConkie summarized these reoccurring themes as follows: 3. , Some Mormons have suggested that the Latter-day Saint reluctance to discuss the endowment encourages attacks and unauthorized exposés by evangelical Christians and others, and therefore advocate a more transparent attitude toward the ceremony. Parts of the doctrine of the plan of salvation explained include:, The endowment is often thought of as a series of lectures where Latter-day Saints are taught about the creation of the world, the events in the Garden of Eden, what happened after Adam and Eve were cast out of the Garden into the "telestial world", and the progression of righteous individuals through "terrestrial" laws to one of the kingdoms of glory and exaltation.. A temple recommend is signed by the person receiving the recommend, a member of the person's bishopric and a member of the stake presidency, who each perform a personal, one-on-one "worthiness interview." The prevalence of LDS Church members who participate in the endowment ceremony is difficult to determine. Handing over the heavenly book or heavenly tablets to the bearer of revelation, 10. Throughout 1843 and 1844 Smith continued to initiate other men, as well as women, into the endowment ceremony.  The instruction is punctuated with oaths, symbolic gestures, and a prayer around an altar, and at the end of instruction, the initiate's knowledge of symbolic gestures and key-words is tested at a "veil.". Each time they carry out His commands and then return and report on the success of their endeavors to the rest of the Divine Council. For the Latter-day Saint, perhaps the most obvious example of this in our theology is the Grand Council in Heaven as seen in Abraham 3. Likewise, when Jehovah and Michael go down to create the Earth, we go with them, see the created world, and return when they do. The third tier were the angels of El. '” Because of the sacred nature of the Endowment ceremony I will proceed with only a basic sketch of the events of the ceremony itself, carefully avoiding any discussion that doesn’t directly relate to events also portrayed in the scriptures. Prior to participating in the endowment, members of the LDS Church frequently participate in a six-part temple preparation class which discusses temple-related topics but does not directly discuss the details of the ceremony.  Also in 2019, a letter from the church's First Presidency stated that "Veiling an endowed woman's face prior to burial is optional." Thus will Christ’s promise that those who overcome the world through Him, “will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.” (Revelation 3). the image of the gods. Further, as we understand today, angels are not a separate class of being but are the children of God -the sons and daughters of El- on assignment. your body ... be cut asunder and all your bowels gush out. Brigham Young stated: There are but few, very few of the Elders of Israel, [and members of the church] now on earth, who know the meaning of the word endowment. During this period the ceremony had never been written down, but was passed orally from temple worker to worker. It comprises four parts:, The "initiatory" is a prelude to the endowment proper, similar to Chrismation, and consists of (1) instruction, (2) multiple symbolic washing and anointing ordinances, (3) being clothed in the temple garment, and (4) receiving a "new name" in preparation for the endowment.. They have now and then a thing that is correct, but we have the real thing. Human endowment is considered to be of divine nature according to Spinoza. Persons seeking a recommend to attend the temple for the first time and receive their endowment will generally meet with their bishop and stake president.. God in his good pleasure fixes the terms, which man accepts. Richards received permission to write down the previously unwritten portions of the ceremony. [self-published source], In the temple endowment, women were previously urged to be a priestess "unto her husband," while men were promised they will be priests to God. 2. The Divine Comedy, finished by Dante Alighieri in 1320, is one of the most famous literary works of all time, and its author is considered the father of the Italian language.In the Inferno, it is well known, Dante singled out corrupt leaders and political enemies, but the poem as a whole was actually inspired by unrequited love. The early Mormon leader Brigham Young taught that participants are given "signs and tokens" that "enable you to walk back to the presence of the Father, passing the angels who stand as sentinels" and gain eternal exaltation. Usually endowments. Endowment's magic system is Awakening, which matches its intent: Breath can be gifted (endowed) to others, and also used to impart "life" to inanimate objects. In practice, Latter-day Saints keep silent about the ceremony for numerous reasons.  Young did as Smith directed, and under Young's direction the Nauvoo endowment ceremony was introduced to the church at large in the Nauvoo Temple during the winter of 1845–46. , The meaning and scope of the term endowment evolved during the early Latter Day Saint movement, of which Mormonism is a part. At Common Law , a woman was "endowed at the church door," upon marriage, when she acquired her Dower right—the right to use one-third of her husband's land upon his death for the remainder of her life. , As the final part of the initiatory, the patron is given a new name, which is a key word used during the ceremony.  Also in 1877, the first endowments for the dead were performed in the St. George Temple. Jesus is waiting to breathe upon all His disciples, and give them the inspiration of His sanctifying Spirit, and transfuse the Vital Influence from Himself to His people. , For the use of this term in an earlier or wider context, see, Modern endowment as practiced by the LDS Church. There was a brief period during the construction of the Salt Lake Temple where a small building referred to as the Endowment House was used to administer the endowment ordinance. In the ancient temple, the high priest’s mitre contained a diadem or crown which had the phrase “Holiness to the Lord” engraved upon it. The letter went on to say that such veiling, "may be done if the sister expressed such a desire while she was living. Dr. Margaret Barker argues that the ancient Israelites worshipped a Divine Family consisting of El the Father, a Holy Mother Asherah, and Yahweh the Son. In Mormonism, the endowment is an ordinance (ceremony) designed to prepare participants to become kings, queens, priests, and priestesses in the afterlife. In the seminar, it is taught that all of the covenants entered into during the endowment have a basis in Latter-day Saint scripture; however, the specifics of the covenants are not revealed. The Endowment is one of the temple rituals of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The Endowment itself is an elaborate enthronement ceremony where the members are prepared to become not only prophets and priests, prophetesses and priestesses, but Kings and Queens of Heaven – i.e. To know, they must experience...., In addition, church members are instructed by top church leaders that the only place where the temple ceremonies should be discussed, even amongst faithful members, is within the temple. 121-125) Dr. Mark S. Smith has argued that Yahweh was originally subordinate to El in the Divine Family and that Yahweh was the head of the Sons of God: The author of Psalm 82 deposes the older theology, as Israel’s deity is called to assume a new role as judge of all the world. Is there a biblical verse that promises mankind the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness? Praying in tongues supplies divine ideas on what we must do to actualize destiny now hear this. In 1990, further changes included the elimination of all blood oaths and penalties.  Previous versions of the ceremony into the 1880s also had the representative of the Lord cut the symbols in the garments with a knife through the veil, with one source suggesting an early version cut into the knee of the participant to create a scar. : a large amount of money that has been given to a school, hospital, etc., and that is used to pay for its creation and continuing support. By Divine shift of God, receive unprecedented grace and mercy of God abundantly in the name of Jesus. ... William McRae defines a spiritual gift as “a divine endowment of a special ability for service upon a member of the body of Christ” (Zondervan, 1976, p. 18). We are brought into the Divine Council, are witness to the planning of the Creation and the promises of salvation and redemption and get to take part in all the works there. The Endowment begins with the Creation of the world. Like the ancient prophets who are given a mission to do in the world -usually in the form of a symbolic book or scroll- we took are given a mission in the world to make it better. The Endowment is a ritual enactment of the Divine Council where we are brought into the Council itself, are instructed by angels who give us our mission to transform the world through the building of the Kingdom of God, and finally teaches us how to enter into … In the Endowment you aren’t simply watching the Divine Council unfold, you are a member of the Divine Council to whom the Savior and Michael are reporting. What is relevant about the Endowment is how the entire thing is presented. Changes are called most significant since 1978", "Some Things You Need to Know about the Temple", "Mormonism—No. LDS beliefs that Heavenly Father and Mother sit at the top of a divine family, that Yahweh/Jehovah/the pre-mortal Jesus acted as a unique son of God with delegated divine authority from His Father to act in His name and speak as God Himself who is the head of the rest of the children of God, and then a lesser divine community of angels in Heaven who carry out God’s will are all ideas that the Saints are all very similar to what Heiser describes as the Divine Council. Differences in treatment between men and women book or heavenly tablets to the top is (! Relevant about the ceremony had never been written down, but we have the Father, by! That he was full of the School of the older theology it is a.. Or heavenly tablets to the Latter-day scriptures as well other worlds who had been resurrected not... 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Moses 4, as well as Abraham in Abraham 3 and were part of the ceremony the lecture at veil... …In the beginning the Head of the older theology, Yahweh did belong... B. H. Roberts declared that certain aspects of the Creation of the temple LDS Church with in... On human actions was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 13:26 Solomon and David acts! Of this older theology it is a part, ” and “ we will do ”! Had angels -i.e all ancient Mediterranean cultures had some conception of a Day natural abilities understanding this was. Some things you need to know about the endowment as practiced today was instituted by Joseph... [ ing ] an agreement between persons ( 1 ) an initiation and... His successors and ( 2 ) an instructional and testing phase we can understand this aspect of ``... Will do this ” and “ we will do this ” and so.. Dictionary of the Lord might put his spirit upon all men that they be. Ceremony thereafter only to Mormons who have a valid `` temple recommend. are held:. 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